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Experiments on activation of liquids




Typically, electrochemical activation (ECA) of liquids is carried out (with contact, of course), in a diaphragm- or a non-diaphragm electrolysis cells. When this liquid is directly in contact with the surface of the anode or the cathode, it enters a metastable state. The result is a change in the liquid's properties and composition (chemical composition, hydrogen ion concentration, pH, redox potential, microcluster structure).


A less common and "obscure" method is  non-contact activation of liquids (NCAL), or aqueous solutions. 


The physical basis of the theory of non-contact activation (electro-activation liquid without contact with the surface of electrodes) has been formulated in 1982. by I.L. Gerlovin in his Theory of Fundamental Field (TFF) . 

The TFF is based on two assumptions:

1. The space around us is not empty, the physical vacuum consists of tangible physical objects (elementary particles of vacuum), and these particles are responsible for a large part of the activation process;

2. The force interactions between atoms in the molecule, between molecules in crystals solids, have not a spherical, but an axial symmetry, and vary in time at a very high frequency, of the order of magnitude of 1018 Hz.

Within such representation, the phenomenon of activation of a given substance (medium) can be defined as follows: an imbalance is created between atoms and excited elementary particles of vacuum, as well as a destabilization of their respective links, taking into account the anisotropic nature of their interactions (see the TFF), and this leads to a metastable state of this substance (medium), which may be called a "structural, activated state" .


For the first time, structured water with a negative redex-ox potential has been obtained via this NCAL method, without changing its chemical composition, as predicted in 1982 by I.L. Gerlovin , based on the TFF.


Experimentally, the NCAL effect was discovered by V.M. Bakhir (see below) in 1992, in diaphragm cells.


In his experiments, a hermetic, thin-walled and closed container made of a dielectric (ampoules or capsules), or polyvinyl chloride tubes with saline solution, were placed in the working chamber (anode or cathode) of an electrochemical diaphragm activator (ECA). 

Typically, activation of the ampoules (tubes) was conducted during approx. 30 minutes. 
Activation was carried out when the current was switched on, or when the current had been switched off immediately before immersion of ampoules (tubes) with physiological solution) inside the ECA. 

After exposure of these sealed ampoules (tubes) in the anolyte or catholyte, their pH and red-ox properties changed substantially. 
This can be seen as a manifestation of non-contact activation (NCAL). 

The effect itself is qualitatively the same with working electrolysis (current) and when current had been switched off. 

Anolyte and catholyte act on saline solution through the glass, polyester and teflon. Thus, for glass and dacron orientation changes of pH and redox potentials corresponds to the electrochemical treatment (anodic or cathodic), and for fluoro-plastic this sign is inversed. 

There is a phenomenon of "relaxation" : after 2 hours, the pH and the redox potential goes back to normal. 

This indirectly confirms that there is no penetration of stable electrolysis products inside the sealed ampoules or tubes. The NCAL is performed at a certain energy level, without concomitant transport (mass transfer) of ions through the wall of the ampoules (tubes).



The Institute "Icare" developed and manufactures equipment to produce activated ionized drink water of high quality, as well as condensed matter and ionized plasmas, on the basis of technologies of non-linear parametric resonance.


Website in English:


Non-contact liquid activation in a non-diaphragm electrolyzer:


Non-contact electrochemical water activation experiments:


Non-contact liquids activation with micro-hydrin and chemical reactions:


Obtaining a new class of substances on the basis of non-contact liquids activation:


Resonance technologies:


Resonance in physics, chemistry and biology:


Basic results of our studies performed in the area of resonance effect of fields on non-linear physical and biological systems:


The man who discovered the effect of electrochemical activation of water


Vitold Mikhailovich BAKHIR - Biography:


Institute Vitold Bakhir of electrochemical systems and technologies:


V.M. Bakhir - Publications:



High quality water production: analysis and perspective:


Electrochemical activated water: anomal properties, mechanism of biological effect:


Electrochemical Activation: a key to ecologically pure technologies of water treatment:


Electrochemical Activation: a New Trend in Applied Electrochemistry:


Electrochemical Activation of Water and Aqueous Solutions: Past, Present and Future:


Evolution of technical systems for electrochemical activation of liquids:

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