ЭФФЕКТЫ КОСМОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ФАКТОРОВ | ПРОЧИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ

Э. А. Барановский, В. П. Таращук, В. М. Владимирский

ВЛИЯНИЕ СОЛНЕЧНОЙ АКТИВНОСТИ И ГЕОФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ ВОЗМУЩЁННОСТИ НА ФИЗИКО - ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ПРОЦЕССЫ В ЖИДКОЙ СРЕДЕ: ПРЕДВАРИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ ПОКАЗАНИЙ ШТОРМГЛАССА (2010) (pdf)

Изменение состояния раствора в штормглассе (колбе Фицроя) фиксировалось путем измерения высоты уровня кристаллов. Фрагменты накопленного массива наблюдений обработаны с привлечением стандартных метеорологических и космофизических индексов. Найдено, что изолированным резким понижениям атмосферного давления за двое-трое суток предшествует рост кристаллообразования, наблюдаемый синхронно в двух приборах. Обнаружена связь с изменениями индекса геомагнитной возмущенности Ap и индексом вспышечной активности. В вариациях показателя штормгласса присутствует набор квазиустойчивых периодов, из которых наиболее значимы периоды 120, 185 и 360 суток. Полученные результаты в общих чертах согласуются с представлениями, согласно которым физическим аспектом, влияющим на растворимость воды, являются изменения фоновых электромагнитных полей низких частот.

 

 

В. М. Владимирский

ЗАГАДОЧНЫЙ ШТОРМГЛАСС И ПОГОДА - ЗЕМНАЯ И КОСМИЧЕСКАЯ (2013) (pdf)

Неизвестно кем и когда изобретен штормгласс – прибор-индикатор «обычной» и космической погоды. До сих пор не вполне понятно, как он работает. Последним знатоком этого устройства был адмирал Р. Фицрой, знаменитый капитан «Бигля». Он консультировался – в своих попытках понять физику наблюдаемых явлений – с М. Фарадеем. В последующем штормглассом интересовались некоторые известные ученые. Пока не удалось наладить количественные систематические измерения с этим прибором, используя современные технологии. В высшей степени интересные данные получены в последние годы в Крыму с помощью визуальных наблюдений.

M.J. Warea, S.D. Bergeson, J.E. Ellsworth, M. Groesbeck, J.E. Hansen, D. Pace, and J. Peatross

INSTRUMENT FOR PRECISION LONG - TERM β - DECAY RATE MEASUREMENTS

We describe an experimental setup for making precision measurements of relative β-decay rates of (22)Na, (36)Cl, (54)Mn, (60)Co, (90)Sr, (133)Ba, (137)Cs, (152)Eu, and (154)Eu. The radioactive samples are mounted in two automated sample changers that sequentially position the samples with high spatial precision in front of sets of detectors. The set of detectors for one sample changer consists of four Geiger-Müller (GM) tubes and the other set of detectors consists of two NaI scintillators. The statistical uncertainty in the count rate is few times 0.01% per day for the GM detectors and about 0.01% per hour on the NaI detectors. The sample changers, detectors, and associated electronics are housed in a sealed chamber held at constant absolute pressure, humidity, and temperature to isolate the experiment from environmental variations. The apparatus is designed to accumulate statistics over many years in a regulated environment to test recent claims of small annual variations in the decay rates. We demonstrate that absent this environmental regulation, uncontrolled natural atmospheric pressure variations at our location would imprint an annual signal of 0.1% on the Geiger-Müller count rate. However, neither natural pressure variations nor plausible indoor room temperature variations cause a discernible influence on our NaI scintillator detector count rate.

Daniel D. Stancil, Sümeyra Balci Yegen, David A. Dickey, Chris R. Gould

SEARCH FOR POSSIBLE SOLAR INFLUENCES IN RA - 226 DECAYS (2017) (pdf)

Measurements of Ra-226 activity from eight HPGe gamma ray detectors at the NC State University PULSTAR Reactor were analyzed for evidence of periodic variations, with particular attention to annual variations. All measurements were made using the same reference source, and data sets were of varying length taken over the time period from September 1996 through August 2014. Clear evidence of annual variations was observed in data from four of the detectors. Short time periodograms from the data sets suggest temporal variability of both the amplitude and frequency of these variations. The annual variations in two of the data sets show peak values near the first of February, while surprisingly, the annual variations in the other two are roughly out of phase with the first two. Three of the four detectors exhibited annual variations over approximately the same time period. A joint statistic constructed by combining spectra from these three shows peaks approximating the frequencies of solar r-mode oscillations with νR=11.74 cpy, m=1, and l=3,5,6. The fact that similar variations were not present in all detectors covering similar time periods rules out variations in activity as the cause, and points to differing sensitivities to unspecified environmental parameters instead. In addition to seasonal variations, the modulation of environmental parameters by solar processes remains a possible explanation of periodogram features, but without requiring new physics.

Jiapei Dai

MACROSOPIC ANISOTROPIC BROWNIAN MOTION IS RELATED TO THE DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT OF A "UNIVERSE FIELD" (2014) (pdf)

Brownian motion was discovered by the botanist Robert Brown in 1827, and the theoretical model of Brownian motion has real-world applications in fields such as mathematics, economics, physics and biology. It is the presumably random motion of particles suspended in a liquid or a gas that results from their bombardment by fast-moving atoms or molecules, but the exact mechanism of Brownian motion still remains one of the unresolved mysteries in physics. Here circadian and seasonal changes in long-term macroscopic anisotropic (asymmetric) Brownian motion of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water in two dimensions were identified, suggesting that such an anisotropic Brownian motion may be related to an effect of the directional movement of “Universe field”, and thereby providing new interpretations and potential applications of Brownian motion.

Felix Scholkmann

INDICATIONS FOR A DIURNAL AND ANNUAL VARIATION IN THE ANISOTROPY OF DIFFUSION PATTERNS - A REANALYSIS OА DATA PRESENTED BY J. DAI (2014)

 

Anisotropic diffusion patterns of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water were recently reported by J. Dai (Nat. Sci., 2014, v. 6 (2), 54–58). According to Dai’s observations the fluctuation of anisotropy showed a diurnal and annual periodicity. Since these observations were only qualitatively described in the original manuscript, the data was reassessed by performing a detailed statistical analysis. The analysis revealed that indeed (i) the diffusion patterns exhibit a non-random characteristic (i.e. the maximum diffusion trend is not uniformly distributed), and (ii) a diurnal as well as an annual oscillation could be extracted and modeled with a sinusoidal function. In conclusion, the present analysis supports Dai’s findings about anisotropy in diffusion of colloids in water with a daily and annual periodicity. Possible explanations of the observed effect are discussed and suggestions for further experiments are given.

Felix Scholkmann

SOLAR - TIME OR SIDEREAL - TIME DEPENDENT? THE DIURNAL VARIATION IN THE ANISOTROPY OF DIFFUSION PATTERNS OBSERVED BY J. DAI (2014)

Recently in this journal (v.10(4)), I present a reanalysis of the data of J. Dai that investigated fluctuations in anisotropic diffusion patterns of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water. It could be shown that the fluctuation of anisotropy, i.e. the maximum diffusion trend (MDT), clearly exhibits a diurnal and annual periodicity. Responding to this article, Prof. R. Cahill (Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia) suggested that it would be interesting to analyze if the observed periodicity is associated with the solar or the sidereal time (i. e. the time based on the Earth's rotation with respect to the fixed stars).

Reginald T. Cahill

DYNAMICAL 3 - SPACE: ANISOTROPIC BROWNIAN MOTION EXPERIMENT (2015)

In 2014 Jiapei Dai reported evidence of anisotropic Brownian motion of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water. In 2015 Felix Scholkmann analyzed the Dai data and detected a sidereal time dependence, indicative of a process driving the preferred Brownian motion diffusion direction to a star-based preferred direction. Here we further analyze the Dai data and extract the RA and Dec of that preferred direction, and relate the data to previous determinations from NASA Spacecraft Earth-flyby Doppler shift data, and other determinations.

Reginald T. Cahill

DYNAMICAL 3 - SPACE: ENERGY NON - CONSERVATION, ANISOTROPIC BROWNIAN MOTION EXPERIMENT AND OCEAN TEMPERATURES (2015) (pdf)

In 2014 Jiapei Dai reported evidence of anisotropic Brownian motion of a toluidine blue colloid solution in water. In 2015 Felix Scholkmann analyzed the Dai data and detected a sidereal time dependence, indicative of a process driving the preferred Brownian motion diffusion direction to a star-based preferred direction. Here we further analyze the Dai data and extract the RA and Dec of that preferred direction, and relate the data to previous determinations from NASA Spacecraft Earth-flyby Doppler shift data, and other determinations. It is shown that the anisotropic Brownian motion is an anisotropic "heating" generated by 3-space fluctuations: gravitational waves, an effect previously detected in correlations between ocean temperature fluctuations and solar flare counts, with the latter being shown to be a proxy for 3-space fluctuations. The dynamical 3- space does not have a measure of energy content, but can generate energy in matter systems, which amounts to a violation of the 1st Law of Thermodynamics.

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