## Georges LOCHAK

## BIOGRAPHY:

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French physicist, born in 1930 in a family of so-called "White Russians".

Personal website: www.lochak.com

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Georges Lochak

BIOGRAPHY

Studied at the prestigious University "Sorbonne" and then at the Poincaré Institute.

Initially studied chemistry, then switched to theoretical physics, with a particular passion for the works of Louis de Broglie, including his interpretation of quantum mechanics.

He remained one of the closest co-workers of de Broglie's, until the latter's death.

Georges Lochak is known for his works on the "magnetic monopole".

He was Research Director at the CNRS (Geneva).

Today, he is retired and remained President of the Foundation de Broglie (Paris), which he created

Personal website: www.lochak.com

Some remarks concerning the 2008 book by Georges Lochak and Harald Stumpf :

LEPTONIC MAGNETIC MONOPOLE : THEORY AND EXPERIMENTS

The theory of the magnetic monopole (summarized here on a few pages) is completely different from the other theories of

monopoles : the new monopole is a massless fermion, able to participate in weak energy interactions, and which automatically obeys the Curie symmetry laws and the Dirac law between the electric and magnetic charges.

We shall see that the new monopole is a magnetically excited neutrino, a massless leptonic monopole with a quantized magnetic charge, a fundamental state of which has a zero charge the neutrino.

More than 25 years of theoretical work and ten years of experiments were performed, the latter, essentially by Urutskoiev in Moscow and Ivoilov in Kazan (both in Russia) and more recently in Nantes (France). But there are other important contributions of Priakhin and Vyssotskij (in Russia).

Having initiated the idea, Georges Lochak carried out a great part of the theoretical work, but an important role was played by Prof. Dr. Harald Stumpf of the Tübingen University, a former co-worker of Werner Heisenberg (as G. Lochak was of Louis de Broglie).

The roots of these ideas may be found in old results due to both masters Heisenberg and de Broglie, and gathered in the present book, which is an attempt to launch a renewal of electromagnetism and gravitation around electric and magnetic charges, respecting their different symmetry laws.

Link to the book, newly published in 2015 by Elsevier

Advances in Imaging & Electron Physics, vol. 189

Table of contents :

1. Theory of the Leptonic Monopole , by Georges Lochak.

2. Symmetry Breaking by Electric Discharges in Water and Formation of Lochak's Light Magnetic Monopoles in an Extended Standard Model , by Harald Stumpf.

Georges Lochak

THE EQUATION OF A LIGHT LEPTONIC MAGNETIC MONOPOLE AND ITS EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS

Z. Naturforsch, 2007, 62a, pp.231 - 246, submitted on 17th January 2008

HAL Id: hal-00175355

The present theory is closely related to Dirac’s equation of the electron, but not to his magnetic monopole theory, except for his relation between electric and magnetic charge. The theory is based on the fact, that the massless Dirac equation admits a second electromagnetic coupling, deduced from a pseudo-scalar gauge invariance.

The equation thus obtained has the symmetry laws of a massless leptonic, magnetic monopole, able to interact weakly. We give a more precise form of the Dirac relation between electric and magnetic charges and a quantum form of the Poincaré first integral. In the Weyl representation our equation splits into P-conjugated monopole and antimonopole equations with the correct electromagnetic coupling and opposite chiralities, predicted by P. Curie.

Charge conjugated monopoles are symmetric in space and not in time (contrary to the electric particles) : an important fact for the vacuum polarization. Our monopole is a magnetically excited neutrino, which leads to experimental consequences.

These monopoles are assumed to be produced by electromagnetic pulses or arcs, leading to nuclear transmutations and, for beta radioactive elements, a shortening of the life time and the emission of monopoles instead of neutrinos in a magnetic field. A corresponding discussion is given in section 15.

LOW-ENERGY NUCLEAR REACTIONS AND THE LEPTONIC MONOPOLE

Georges Lochak (Fondation Louis de Broglie, Paris), Leonid Urutskoev (RECOM, Kurchatov Institute, Moscow)

at the conference ICCF 11 in Marseille, in November 2004

This report surveys the experimental and theoretical studies carried out at the RECOM since 1998 and the theoretical studies of leptonic monopole by Georges Lochak (Fondation Louis de Broglie). It outlines briefly all the results to give the overall picture of these researches.

Here is an excerpt from the conclusions : "to summarize, one can assume that we seem to have found a new type of interaction. It has magnetic nature and catalyzes nuclear processes by initiating weak interactions".

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS ON THE MAGNETIC MONOPOLE AND ON A NEW THEORY OF LIGHT

by G. Lochak

PHYSICISTS DISCOVER HIDDEN ASPECTS OF ELECTRODYNAMICS (2017)

Maxwell's theory displays a remarkable feature: it remains unaltered under the interchange of the electric and magnetic fields, when charges and currents are not present. This symmetry is called the electric-magnetic duality.

However, while electric charges exist, magnetic charges have never been observed in nature. If magnetic charges do not exist, the symmetry also cannot exist. This mystery has motivated physicists to search for magnetic charges, or magnetic monopoles.

However, no one has been successful. Agullo and his colleagues may have discovered why.