Publications by V. G. Sapogin

## SAPOGIN VLADIMIR GEORGIEVICH

## Short biography:

## Vladimir G. SAPOGIN is Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Science as well as Professor at the Chair of Physics of the Taganrog Technological Institute (depends on the Southern Federal University of the Russian Federation).

## He is also Professor at the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.

## Website : http://inep.sfedu.ru/chairs/physics/physics-staff/physics-sapogin/

E-mail: upon request

##

V. G. Sapogin

MONOGRAPH "MECHANISMS OF SUBSTANCE CONFINEMENT BY SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD"

(Taganrog: edited by the Taganrog Radio-Technical University, 2000) (pdf, in Russian)

This work underlines the discovered ability of a self-consistent field to maintain identical particles accumulated in a limited volume of space. In these accumulations, Bernoulli force compensates the Newton attraction force, and in accumulations of identical charged particles it compensates the Coulomb repulsive force.

These spherical accumulations are usually hollow in their centers.

Hollow micrometric charge clusters have been discovered in experiments by the US scientist Ken Shoulders (Bodega, 1980).

V. G. Sapogin

MONOGRAPH "EDEM GAS SPHERES IN THE SELF-CONSISTENT THEORY OF GRAVITATION"

(Taganrog: edited by the Taganrog Technical Institute, 2009) (pdf, in Russian)

This monograph extends the work made by Emden, about self gravitational gas spheres. New solutions to the Emden equation for the potential has been found, which describe the distribution of fields as well as the physical parameters or known and unknown astrophysical objects. The theory tells us that the meteor of the Tungus event has been caused by huge hollow and friable cosmic objects with a huge mass, made of small ice particles. The flux density of particles has been significantly lower in the center of this object than at its periphery at the moment it hurt Earth: hence the damage should be minimal at the epicenter and maximal on the periphery, which is in accordance with the observations of Kulik’s expedition.

V. G. Sapogin

ON ONE CLASS OF EXACT AND APPROXIMATE SOLUTION OF EDEM'S E-EQUATION FOR THE POTENTIAL

(Taganrog Technical Institute, 2009) (pdf)

During the integration of Emden’s E-equation for the density of a gaseous sphere a mathematical problem of choice of boundary conditions emerges. The complete system of equations that is being solved with respect to the potential can be reduced to a three-dimensional equation of the same form. In this article it has been shown, that the correct choice of the boundary conditions in the equation for the potential cannot be arbitrary when solving a spherical problem of self-consistent gravitation theory, but is prescribed by the first integral of total pressure that exists in a plane-symmetric system. Solutions obtained here describe the distribution of physical characteristics in astrophysical objects.

V. G. Sapogin

"SOURCES OF DIRECT CURRENT ON THE PHYSICAL PRINCIPLE OF TRANSFORMATION OF A TEMPERATURE GRADIENT INTO ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE BY A GAS OF THERMO-ELECTRONS"

(Taganrog: edited by S.A. Stupin, 2011) (pdf, in Russian)

We propose an approximation of the theory of a gas of non-dependent from each other thermo-electrons, which find themselves in a temperature gradient. Based on it, a new physical principle is determined of transformation of this temperature gradient into an electromotive force by this gas of thermo-electrons. Further to these results, new research could be launched to develop small systems able to make use of the thermo-electronic transformation of energy.

Sapogin V.G., Prokopenko N.N., Panich A.E.

EDDY-CURRENT PLANAR INTEGRAL INDUCTANCE OF CYLINDRICAL CONDUCTING FILM (review)

“International journal of applied and fundamental research”, N° 11 (part 2), 2016, pp. 211-221

The calculation method of solid nonmagnetic conducting cylinder’s inductance of arbitrary geometric dimensions with azimuthal density of eddy current under resistance loss and magnetic properties of Foucault currents has been proposed. The radial distributions of azimuthal component of eddy-current electric field’s strength vector, densities of Foucault currents, heat power density, being emanated in local domain of conducting cylinder, have been obtained. The formula for dynamic frequency-dependent inductance of solid cylinder has been obtained from energy considerations.

V. G. Sapogin, N. N. Prokopenko, A. E. Panich

MONOGRAPH "INTEGRAL INDUCTANCE WITH HIGH SYMMETRY"

(Edited by the State Technical University of the Don, Shakhty, 2016) (pdf, in Russian)

An analytical calculation method is developed for integral inductance in micro-circuits and crystallic systems. The Foucault currents are taken into account, as well as ohmic losses, for the calculation of the dynamic inductance of a cylinder. The physical properties of planar eddy-current inductance, like “conductive film in a current ring”, working in a regime of nanoscale effects, are discussed.

A progressive implementation of priority technologies is proposed, for the creation of microscopic integral inductance with a very high volume density.

V.G. Sapogin, N.N. Prokopenko

MICROSCOPIC EDDY-CURRENT INDUCTANCE WITH AN ULTIMATE SURFACE DENSITY (2015) (engineering project dedicated to the creation of microscopic eddy-current inductance)

Don State technical university, Rostov-na-Donu (pdf, in Russian)

A new method is proposed for the numerical simulation of microscopic plane eddy-current inductances, dedicated to breakthrough technologies. These inductances can have either a positive, frequency-independent values of inductance, either a negative, frequency-dependent inductances with an ultimate surface density. A very easy technology of their creation is presented here in the form of thin conductive film in a current ring.

V. G. Sapogin, R. S. Kholoshenko, M. Irgang

"GRADIENT ELECTRONIC INJECTOR OF AN AUTO-EMISSION CATHODE WITH AN ANGLE APERTURE"(Taganrog: edited by S.A. Stupin, 2017) (pdf, in Russian)

An elementary theory is presented for the behavior of such device. Two types of regimes are determined for the expulsion of charge clusters from the injector into the vacuum. The formation of charge clusters is examined, when the electronic cloud is sent from the surface of the cathode into the vacuum.

The article proposes a scheme of vacuum storage device for charges, having an aperture-type injector. Physical parameters of these charge clusters are assessed from the theory (in the centimeter range). The results are compared to those one in Ken Shoulders’ experiments.

New axis of scientific R&D is discussed for the study of auto-electronic injectors.

The obtained results present an interest for the creation of high-efficiency, new generation’s auto-emission cathodes.

V. G. Sapogin, L. G. Sapogin, V. A. Dzhanibekov, Yu. P. Savin

ORIGINAL BROCHURE "MECHANICS OF SURPLUS ENERGY CREATION BY A SELF-ROTATING ELECTRIC ARROW (ENERGY LOOP CHAIN TECHNOLOGY)" (2018) (pdf, in Russian)

A scientific-technical project is proposed for the creation of a broad range of energy storage devices, working on a two mirror physical principles, at work in rotating mechanical-electrical and electromechanical systems.

The principles provide the realization of a dual looped and spatially localized chain of events, which are capable of cyclically deliver surplus electric energy (technology called “Looped Energetical Chain” (LEC), when translated from Russian). We discuss 3 possible class of such rotating electrotechnical devices, which can be implemented based on this LEC technology. The obtained results present a significant interest for the creation of energy-autonomous cars without batteries.

THEORY OF CHARGE CLUSTERS:

V. G. Sapogin

COLLECTIVE INTERACTION OF CHARGES WITH SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD OF PLANE SYMMETRY

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1994, N° 3, pp. 49−59)

V. G. Sapogin

COLLECTIVE INTERACTION OF RELATIVISTIC CHARGES WITH A SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD OF PLANE SYMMETRY. PART I - CAPTURED STATES WITH POSITIVE TOTAL PRESURE.

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1995, N° 4, pp. 34−39).

V. G. Sapogin

COLLECTIVE INTERACTION OF RELATIVISTIC CHARGES WITH A SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD OF PLANE SYMMETRY. PART II. CAPTURED STATES WITH ZERO TOTAL PRESSURE.

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1996, N° 1, pp. 31−32).

V. G. Sapogin

COLLECTIVE INTERACTION OF RELATIVISTIC CHARGES WITH A SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD OF PLANE SYMMETRY. PART III - TRANSIT STATES WITH NEGATIVE TOTAL PRESSURE.

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1996, N° 2, pp. 25−29).

V. G. Sapogin

PLANE SYMMETRIC SELF-CONSISTENT HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS OF SIMILAR CHARGES IN EQUILIBRIUM

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1996, N° 4, pp. 63−68).

V. G. Sapogin

INTEGRAL OF MOTION AND DUAL-FLUX STATES IN PLANE VIRTUAL CATHODE

(Taganrog Institute of Radio Engineering, 1992. 25 p. Deposited by All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information, N° 118-В92. 10.01.92)

V. G. Sapogin

PRESSURE INTEGRAL AND STATIONARY STATES OF PLANE SELF-CONSISTENT FIELDS OF MONO-ENERGETIC CATHODE WITH NONRELATIVISTIC CHARGES

(Taganrog Institute of Radio Engineering, 1993. 19 p. Deposited by All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information, N° 2622-В93. 20.10.93)

V. G. Sapogin

POLYTROPIC EQUILIBRIUM OF SELF-CONSISTENT HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS OF SIMILAR CHARGES

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 2000, N° 2, pp.46−51)

V. G. Sapogin

POLYTROPIC EQUILIBRIUM OF SELF-CONSISTENT HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS OF SIMILAR CHARGES. STATES WITH NON-POSIVE TOTAL PRESSURE.

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 2000, N° 4, pp.53−56)

V. G. Sapogin

ABOUT MODEL OF SIMILAR CHARGES' BALL LIGHTNING

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1999, N° 3, pp.67−70)

V. G. Sapogin

ISOTHERMAL MODEL OF SIMILAR CHARGES' BALL LIGHTNING

(Publication by Taganrog State University of Radio Engineering, 2000, N° 1. pp. 186−191)

V. G. Sapogin

SPHERICAL CLUSTER OF SIMILAR CHARGES WITH HOMOGENEOUS TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

(International Conference « Current problems of solid-state electronics and micro-electronics », Divnomorsk, Russia, September 17−22, 2000)

V. G. Sapogin

SIMULATION OF SIMILAR CHARGES' DISTRIBUTION IN A SPHERICAL CLUSTER WITH HOMOGENEOUS TEMPERATURE

(All-Russian scientific conference “Mathematical modeling in scientific research”, Stavropol, Stavropol State University, Russia, September 27-30, 2000)

THEORY OF GRAVITATIONAL CLUSTERS:

V. G. Sapogin

PLANE SELF-CONSISTENT HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS OF GRAVITATING PARTICLES

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 1996, N° 3, pp. 72−78)

V. G. Sapogin

POLYTROPIC EQUILIBRIUM OF SELF-CONSISTENT HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS OF GRAVITATING PARTICLES

(Izvestiya Vuzov, Severo-Kavkazskii Region, Natural Science, 2000, N° 1, pp. 75−79)

V. G. Sapogin

EMDEN GASEOUS SPHERES IN SELF-CONSISTENT THEORY OF GRAVITATION

(Таганрог: Изд-во ТТИ ЮФУ, (2009)